Objectives To describe and compare the clinical and biological characteristics of subjects with primary Sjögren’s syndrome (pSS) with and without anti-RNP antibodies.
Methods Patients fulfilling the American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/EULAR 2016 criteria for pSS and having anti-RNP antibodies, without other connective tissue disease diagnosed and no anti-dsDNA antibodies were retrieved from the database from our French National Reference Center. These patients were compared with all other patients with pSS with negative anti-Sm, anti-RNP and anti-dsDNA antibodies.
Results Overall, 21 patients with pSS positive for anti-RNP antibodies and 446 negative for anti-RNP antibodies were retrieved. Anti-RNP-positive patients had a lower median age at onset of pSS symptoms (41.0 vs 50.0 years, p=0.01), a higher median EULAR Sjögren’s syndrome disease activity index at inclusion (8.0 vs 3.0, p<0.01), more frequently constitutional symptoms (14.3% vs 0.01%, p<0.01), myositis (19.0% vs 2.3%, p<0.01) and pulmonary (19.0% vs 5.7%, p=0.04) involvement. Moreover, anti-RNP-positive patients had higher median gammaglobulin levels (22.5 vs 13 g/L, p<0.01), more frequently anti-SSA antibodies (90.5% vs 67.1%, p=0.03), but less frequent lymphocytic sialadenitis with a focus score ≥1 (66.7% vs 85.5%, p=0.03). If the analysis is restricted to anti-SSA-positive patients, anti-RNP positivity is associated with the same clinicobiologic features except the pulmonary involvement.
Conclusion Patients with pSS with anti-RNP antibodies displayed a more active systemic disease, with more frequent muscular and pulmonary involvement, and increased gammaglobulin level, compared with anti-RNP-negative patients.
- primary Sjögren’s Syndrome
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XM and GN are co-last authors.
Contributors All the authors contributed to the manuscript, conception and design, collection of data, analysis and interpretation. All the authors reviewed the final version of the manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Not required.
Ethics approval The data collection was approved by the local ethics committee.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Data availability statement Data are available on reasonable request.
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