Download PDFPDF

Clinical case
Reactive arthritis after COVID-19 infection
Compose Response

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
Author Information
First or given name, e.g. 'Peter'.
Your last, or family, name, e.g. 'MacMoody'.
Your email address, e.g.
Your role and/or occupation, e.g. 'Orthopedic Surgeon'.
Your organization or institution (if applicable), e.g. 'Royal Free Hospital'.
Statement of Competing Interests


  • Responses are moderated before posting and publication is at the absolute discretion of BMJ, however they are not peer-reviewed
  • Once published, you will not have the right to remove or edit your response. Removal or editing of responses is at BMJ's absolute discretion
  • If patients could recognise themselves, or anyone else could recognise a patient from your description, please obtain the patient's written consent to publication and send them to the editorial office before submitting your response [Patient consent forms]
  • By submitting this response you are agreeing to our full [Response terms and requirements]

Vertical Tabs

Other responses

Jump to comment:

  • Published on:
    Viral or Reactive Arthritis?
    • Simone Parisi, Rheumatologist Rheumatology Unit, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Città Della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, Turin, Italy
    • Other Contributors:
      • Richard Borrelli, Physician
      • Maria Chiara Ditto, Rheumatologist
      • Enrico Fusaro, Rheumaotologist

    Dear Editor,
    We have read with interest the paper written by Dr. Keisuke Ono et al [1] whose title is “Reactive arthritis after COVID-19 infection” and we would like to share some medical thoughts we have concerning its content.
    In this paper, a male patient was admitted with COVID-19 pneumonia. On day 21, he developed an acute bilateral arthritis in his ankles, with mild enthesitis in his right Achilles tendon; given the circumstances and having excluded all the other plausible factors that might be related with this onset, the authors stated that such elements were given by a reactive arthritis whose primer was SARS-CoV-2.
    Regarding the definition of reactive arthritis (ReA), we would like to highlight some doubts and we belive that this element is contradicts the nature of ReA itself; first of all, as of today, ReA is to be given by bacterial infections only, should they be STDs-related or gastrointestinal. No viral agent has ever been either directly or indirectly linked to such element due to its pathogenesis. As Dr. Rebanta K. et al. properly stated in their papers, when ReA- associated invasive bacteria reach the systemic circulation, T lymphocytes are induced by bacterial fragments such as lipopolysaccharide and nucleic acids; These elements activate cytotoxic-T cells then attack the synovium and other self-antigens through molecular mimicry. It is believed that anti-bacterial cytokine response is also impaired in ReA, resulting in the decreased e...

    Show More
    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.