Table 1

Characteristics of the 31 selected studies

First author, year of publicationN= Recruitment method*AgeFemale/maleMRIContrastArea scannedUni/bilateralScore MethodBlinded†
Scored without a validated method
Wrist+MCP summed
 Nakahara et al, 19961110NPNP5/51.5TGd+Wrist+MCPNPDescribed+
 Lindegaard et al, 2001123Hospital staff46 (34–55)1/20.2TGd+Wrist+MCPUnilateralDescribed+
 Yoshioka et al, 20061313NP34.1 (22–48)5/80.21TGd−Wrist+MCP+PIPBilateralNP+
 Offidani et al, 19981412NPNPNP1.0TGd−Wrist+MCP+IPNPDescribed+
Wrist
 Beltran et al, 1987156NPNPNP1.5TGd−WristNPDescribedNP
 Jorgensen et al, 1993164NP302/20.5TGd+WristNPNP+
 Yanagawa et al, 19931710NPNP7/31.5TGd+WristNPNP+
 Østergaard et al, 1995183NP30 (28–31)NP1.5TGd+WristNPNP+
 Tonolli-Serabian et al, 19961910NP59 (46–71)5/51.0TGd+WristBilateralDescribed+
 Pierre-Jerome et al, 19972042NP42.142/00.5TGd−WristBilateralDescribedNP
 Valeri et al, 20012112NP318/41.0TGd−WristBilateralDescribedNP
 Partik et al, 20022218NP30,8 (24–34)9/91.0TGd+WristNPNPNP
 Robertson et al, 20062330Hospital staff and contacts31 (22–49)17/131.5TGd+WristUnilateralDescribedNP
MCP
 McGonagle et al, 19992431Hospital staff48 (28–62)18/131.5TGd−MCPUnilateralDescribed+
 Klarlund et al, 1999253NP31 (24–33)NP1.0TGd+MCPUnilateralDescribed+
 Vlychou et al, 20132652 volunteers and with 3 wrist instability<AQ: Please rephrase for clarity.>41.2±3.23/23.0TGd+MCP+PIP+DIPUnilateralDescribed+
Scored according to RAMRIS
Wrist+MCP summed
 Brown et al, 20062917NP3812/51.5TGd+Wrist+MCPUnilateralRAMRIS+
 Ejbjerg et al, 20043028NP47 (24–67)20/81.0TGd+Wrist+MCPUnilateralRAMRISNP
 Olech et al, 20103140Hospital staff36.7 (20–64)29/110.2TGd−Wrist+MCPBilateralRAMRIS+
 Parodi et al, 20063223Healthy relatives59 (25–86)16/70.2TGd−Wrist+MCP+PIPBilateralRAMRISNP
 Ejbjerg et al, 2005339NPNPNP0.2TGd−Wrist+MCP+MTPBilateralRAMRIS+
 Duer-Jensen et al, 20113424NP46 (21–71)17/70.6 T (12), 1.0 T (12)Gd+Wrist+MCP+PIPUnilateralRAMRISNP
Wrist
 Cimmino et al, 20113513NP71 (57–86)NP0.2TGd—WristBilateralRAMRIS+
 Palosaari et al, 20093631Hospital staff49 (32–64)18/130.23TGd+ (10/31)WristBilateralRAMRISNP
 Døhn et al, 2008374NP36 (34-57)3/10.6TGd−WristUnilateralRAMRIS+
MCP
 Døhn et al, 2006384NP35.5 (34–57)3/10.6TGd−MCPUnilateralRAMRIS+
 Tan et al, 20033928NP4019/91.5TGd+ (8/28)MCPUnilateralRAMRIS+
 Miese et al, 20124013NP51±12 (25–66)10/33TGd+MCP (dig 2&3)UnilateralRAMRISNP
Mean grading (Wrist+MCP)
 Xie et al, 20082714NP25±5 (19–33)4/101.0TGd−Wrist+MCPBilateralRAMRISNP
27NP62±7 (49–74)22/51.0TGd−Wrist+MCP24/27 BilateralRAMRISNP
 Krabben et al, 20131019NP46.2±11.815/41,5TGd−Wrist+MCP+MTPUnilateralRAMRISNP
 Rastogi et al, 20132810NP(24–40)7/33TGd+WristUnilateralRAMRISNP
  • *Description of recruitment of symptom-free persons.

  • †Scoring was done blind for the status (patient/symptom-free person).

  • described, articles that do describe their scoring method but not according to the RAMRIS method; DIP, distal interphalangeal joint; Gd, gadolinium; IP, interphalangeal joint; MCP, metacarpophalangeal joints; MTP, metatarsophalangeal; NP, Not provided; PIP, proximal interphalangeal joint; T, tesla.