Table 5

Predictors of baseline variables for reaching the treatment target serum urate (sUA) <360 µmol/L

Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Partly adjusted OR (95% CI)*Fully adjusted model OR (95% CI)†Fully adjusted model
p value
Age (per 10 years)1.23 (0.99 to 1.66)1.06 (0.72 to 1.57)
Disease duration (years)0.98 (0.93 to 1.03)0.99 (0.94 to 1.05)
Education college1.37 (0.60 to 3.16)1.36 (0.54 to 3.42)
Body mass index0.96 (0.87 to 1.05)0.98 (0.89 to 1.09)
Comorbidities (SCQ sum)1.10 (0.96 to 1.26)1.09 (0.90 to 1.31)
Alcohol (at least weekly vs less)0.43 (0.16 to 1.13)0.24 (0.04 to 0.78)0.14 (0.04 to 0.55)0.005
Baseline sUA (µmol/L)0.997 (0.992 to 1.002)0.996 (0.991 to 1.001)
Health Assessment Questionnaire0.56 (0.30 to 1.04)0.47 (0.20 to 0.99)
Self-efficacy pain subscale (10 units)1.05 (0.85 to 1.30)1.13 (0.88 to 1.04)
Self-efficacy symptoms scale (10 units)1.26 (0.99 to 1.61)1.38 (1.04 to 1.84)1.49 (1.09 to 2.05)0.014
Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire
 Necessity (5–25)1.02 (0.91 to 1.12)1.03 (0.91 to 1.16)
 Concern (5–25)1.00 (0.91 to 1.11)1.03 (0.93 to 1.14)
 Overuse (4–16)0.84 (0.71 to 0.99)0.83 (0.70 to 0.99)0.77 (0.62 to 0.94)0.013
 Harm (4–16)0.88 (0.74 to 1.06)0.88 (0.72 to 1.07)
  • *Adjusted for age, gender, race, education, disease duration, body mass index, comorbidities, and baseline sUA and all other variables in logistic regression model.

  • †Adjusted for age, gender, race, education, disease duration, body mass index, comorbidities and baseline sUA and all other variables remaining in model logistic regression model.

  • SCQ, self-administered comorbidity questionnaire.