Table 1

Exercise and dietary recommendations for patients with rheumatoid arthritis10 11

 ExerciseBeneficial effectsSchedule for optimum results
Exercise recommendations
 WalkingHelps with aerobic conditioning and mood30–60 min, 3–5 times/week
 StretchingHelps with flexibility and range of motion10–15 min, 2 times/week
 Flowing movementsHelps with flexibility, range of motion, balance and stress10–15 min, 2 times/week
 Working out in waterHelps with flexibility, range of motion, aerobic conditioning and strength30–60 min, 3–5 times/week
 CyclingImproves range of motion, aerobic conditioning, endurance and leg strength30–60 min, 3–5 times/week
 Strength trainingHelps with strength and aerobic condition8–12 repetitions for 2–3 sets, 2–3 times/week
 Hand exercisesImproves range of motion and flexibility
Dietary recommendations—Mediterranean diet
 High intakeFruit; vegetables; legumes; nuts; unrefined whole grains (whole wheat, rice, oats, corn, barley, rye); unsaturated fats (olive oil, canola/rapeseed oil)
 Moderate intakeLean meats; fish; wine
 Low-to-moderate intakeDairy products
 Low intakeRed meat; processed foods; saturated fat