Table 2

Associations of sex-standardised pressure pain thresholds and temporal summation with assessor-reported tender and self-reported painful joint counts (parsimonious model)*

Assessor-reported tender hand joint count (0–30)Self-reported painful hand joint count (0–30)Self-reported painful total body joint count (0–18)Presence of widespread pain (yes/no)
Beta (95% CI)Beta (95% CI)Beta (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
PPT painful finger joint0.78 (−1.39 to −0.17)0.83 (−1.58 to −0.08)0.55 (−1.03 to −0.07)0.81 (0.61 to 1.06)
PPT tibialis anterior0.67 (−1.27 to −0.06)−0.40 (−1.14 to 0.34)0.82 (−1.28 to −0.35)0.57 (0.43 to 0.77)
Temporal summation0.32 (−0.29 to 0.92)0.45 (−0.29 to 1.19)0.38 (−0.09 to 0.85)1.24 (0.96 to 1.60)
  • *Adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, education and severity of osteoarthritis. Analyses are presented per SD increase in PPT/temporal summation (SD PPT painful finger joint women: 1.93, men: 1.77, SD PPT tibialis anterior women: 2.45, men: 2.93, SD temporal summation women: 1.61, men: 1.21). Statistically significant associations are shown in bold.

  • PPT, pressure pain threshold.