Table 3

Systemic lupus erythematosus results summary

Quality/effect sizeNoneSmallMediumLarge
Very lowCopper (disease activity), curcumin (disease activity), fish oil/omega-3 (CRP), green tea extract (disease activity), low glycaemic (disease activity, fatigue)Fish oil/omega-3 (ESR)Calcium+vitamin D (ESR), green tea extract (fatigue)Calcium+vitamin D (disease activity), cholesterol lowering education (QoL), fish oil/omega-3 (pain, function)
LowVitamin D (disease activity, fatigue, anti-dsDNA)Fish oil/omega-3 (disease activity), fibre (disease activity), poor nutrition (organ damage),
vitamin B6 (disease activity), vitamin C (disease activity)
Moderate
High
  • CRP, C-reactive protein; ESR, erythrocyte sedimentation rate; QoL, quality of life.