Table 1

Baseline demographics and clinical outcomes by LTC group at study recruitment

RA aloneRA+single LTCRA+MLTCs
Participants563147108
Age (years)56.4±13.463.3±12.667.6±9.9
Age groups (n)
45 and younger18.7% (120)6.1% (9)0% (0)
45–5425.3% (149)19.7% (29)15.7% (17)
55–6428.3% (153)25.2% (37)19.4% (21)
65–7419.9% (107)29.3% (43)43.5% (47)
Over 757.8% (34)19.7% (29)21.3% (23)
Gender (n)
Male30.1% (172)36.1% (53)47.2% (51)
Female69.9% (391)63.9% (94)52.8% (57)
SIMD (n)
1 (most deprived)19.2% (107)18.4% (27)26.9% (29)
221.3% (120)26.5% (39)25.9% (28)
320.1% (113)17.0% (25)13.0% (14)
422.7% (128)19.0% (28)24.1% (26)
5 (least deprived)16.7% (94)17.7% (26)10.2% (11)
Missing0.2% (1)1.4% (2)0.0% (0)
HAQ-DI score1.21±0.781.31±0.791.41±0.84
EQ5D score0.53±0.210.53±0.230.49±0.24
Employment status* (n)
Paid work59.3% (334)39.5% (58)26.9% (29)
Unpaid work4.6% (26)3.4% (5)1.9% (2)
Retired29.1% (164)49.0% (72)66.7% (72)
Unemployment5.9% (33)8.2% (12)3.7% (4)
Student1.1% (6)0% (0)0.9% (1)
  • Data are presented as mean±SD or % (n).

  • *Paid work includes full-time and part-time employment and self-employed; unpaid work refers to those answered ‘homemaker’.

  • EQ5D, EuroQol-5 Dimensions; HAQ-DI, Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index; LTC, long-term condition; MLTCs, multiple LTCs; RA, rheumatoid arthritis; SIMD, Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation.